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What’s the future of Gatwick Airport with BA, Norwegian and Virgin Atlantic gone?

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Gatwick Airport is not having the best of times at the moment.  No airport is having a great May, obviously, but at least Heathrow knows that the high value of its slots means that airlines will do everything possible to run a full schedule once the Winter timetable starts.

As a reminder, the ‘use it or lose it’ rules on airlines slot use are currently suspended until late October.  From late October, airlines will need to use their slots 80% of the time over the following five months or they will be forfeited.  With Heathrow slots selling for up to $75 million per pair, this would be an expensive mistake.

Both British Airways and Virgin Atlantic have closed their operations at London Gatwick.

What is the future for London Gatwick Airport?

On the face of it, this is crazy.  Very soon British Airways will have to bring in strict rules about social distancing (ie restricting access) to lounges and other facilities at Heathrow ….. and yet the South Terminal at Gatwick, used primarily by British Airways, will be virtually empty.  The huge British Airways lounge will have no guests.

The ONLY reason for doing this is that both British Airways and Virgin Atlantic have to protect their Heathrow slots at all costs.  If this means a scorched earth policy at Gatwick, then that is the price to pay.

Long term, both British Airways and Virgin Atlantic are likely to return to Gatwick.  Unless both airlines are planning to be 25% smaller than they were in January 2020 forever,  they will require capacity at Gatwick to expand again.  Virgin Atlantic has said that it will try to retain its slots, presumably by leasing them – possibly with an inducement – to other airlines to allow a return in the future.

Norwegian is scheduled to restart long-haul flights from April 2021.  Whilst Norwegian now seems out of the woods, financially, you wouldn’t want to bet a lot of money on that happening.

What will happen to London Gatwick until then?

Aviation analytics company Cirium supplied us with some interesting usage data on London Gatwick, based on ‘scheduled’ seats for February 2020.  Before we start looking at it, I should mention that the numbers would be different if done during the Summer as many airlines only operate at Gatwick seasonally.

Virgin Atlantic operated less than 4% of Gatwick seats

Before Virgin Atlantic pulled out of Gatwick entirely, it wasn’t even in the top 6 airlines to operate at the airport. Unsurprisingly, easyJet comes out on top with 38% of the total airport seat capacity:

38% easyJet
17% British Airways
13% Norwegian
5% TUI Airways
4% Vueling
4% Ryanair

We can only assume that Virgin Atlantic operated less than 4% of the total capacity at Gatwick.  Logically, this makes sense although it may be surprising at first.  The top six airlines at Gatwick all have short-haul networks, which Virgin Atlantic obviously doesn’t.

Whilst one long-haul aircraft is tied up for almost 24 hours on a return trip to the US, smaller short-haul aircraft can fly many more times during the same period.  This increases the capacity flown when counted on the basis of seats. In this context it is no surprise that Virgin Atlantic flies significantly fewer seats than other airlines.

What is the future for London Gatwick Airport?

Gatwick capacity was already down by 11.6% compared to 2019

The collapse of Thomas Cook, WOW Air and Flybe all had a significant impact on Gatwick operations. Whilst Heathrow continued to experience growth, passenger capacity at Gatwick plummeted by 11.6%.

The collapse of three airlines lead to the loss of over 140 weekly scheduled flights, including:

84 Thomas Cook flights
38 Flybe flights
20 WOW Air flights

Despite an overall capacity reduction, some airlines substantially increased their presence at Gatwick last year.

Wizz Air increased its presence at the airport by 269%.  Last week, Wizz Air announced its intention to purchase further slots and build a base up at Gatwick so we can expect further growth, despite the current climate.  Wizz Air is already the largest airline at London Luton.

Here are the fastest growing airlines at Gatwick compared to last year:

Wizz Air – 269%
Air China – 136%
Air Malta – 43%
WestJet – 34%
Belavia – 33%

If, like me, you hadn’t heard of Belavia before, it is the flag carrier of Belarus! Clearly demand for connectivity between Gatwick and Minsk is up.

What is the future for London Gatwick Airport?

Gatwick continues with plans for a second runway

Despite an 11.6% drop in capacity in February 2020 vs 2019 and further huge softening as Virgin Atlantic, British Airways and Norwegian fall away, Gatwick is ploughing on with its expansion plans.   The airport intends to turn its emergency runway, currently used as a taxiway, into an operational runway for short-haul planes.

The airport is expected to submit detailed proposals soon for the £500 million project which could see an additional 50,000 flights operate a year.

Whilst this may seem redundant in the current climate, most airlines are predicting a return to 2019 levels of traffic by 2024.  Any infrastructure investment now is simply paving the way for growth in the next decades.  With additional capacity always a touchy subject at UK airports, London Gatwick is seeking to press its advantage whilst it has the opportunity to do so.  History shows that there is an advantage in trying to get approval for massive job-creating construction projects during a recession.

Comments (102)

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  • John T says:

    I’ve never really understood why Ryanair operates from Gatwick. Everytime I see one of their aircraft there it just looks out of place. They only operate 4 routes (3 to Ireland). Is it just legacy reasons from their Irish beginnings? Surely no-one would choose Ryanair over other carriers at Gatwick unless they were the cheapest, and Gatwick has higher operating costs (hence why Ryanair’s main UK base is at Stansted?)

    • marcw says:

      Most people choose Ryanair in Europe, including the UK. Ryanair is the airline that transports the greatest amount of people.

      • John T says:

        Do they choose it for any other reason that they either offer the lowest prices, or are the only airline that flies on a route? LON-DUB is a busy, competitive route with regularly very low fares.

        • John T says:

          What I meant it, there are plenty of cheap flights between London and Ireland on airlines other than Ryanair. Why would you choose Ryanair if you didn’t have to?

        • marcw says:

          As long as you play their rules, it’s a very competitive airline.

          • Spaghetti Town says:

            The thing is, ryanair allows lots of families to go on holiday who don’t perhaps earn as much as folks on this blog.

        • Johnny C says:

          Ryanair on a 50 minute flight is fine really. And there are plenty of cheap flights from London to Dublin, but most of them are with Ryanair, especially if you’re flying for the weekend (which I often do). Getting BA or Aer Lingus flights for less than a hundred with <3 months lead time isn't easy.

          And they fly to Gatwick simply because the demand for flights to London is there. Same reason they fly to Southend, I'm sure. And why they considered rebranding Southampton, as "London-Southampton".

    • insider says:

      Did they take the BA / EI remedy slots at LGW? I don’t actually mind Ryanair, as long as you play by the rules, they are fine.

      Knowing them, they probably just have a few aircraft at LGW as a warning to easyJet to not mess with them at Stansted

    • Journeying John says:

      In reality, the Ryanair experience is now comparable to BA’s Eurotraveller, except Ryanair have a better seat pitch, more reliable catering, cleaner cabins and normally cheaper fares…
      Speaks volumes for the decline in BA’s offer but O’Leary did realise a few years ago that he couldn’t continue to screw the customers as hard as they had been doing.

    • David says:

      A reasonable proportion of passengers flying to/from any given London airport do so because they find that one a lot more convenient than the rest, and would either not consider another London airport, or would happily pay a premium to fly from that one.

      Pre-coronavirus, I flew EDI-London every week. As my office is 200 yards from Victoria Station, I’d have a strong preference for flights to Gatwick; but as I paid my own fares, I’d tend to fly easyJet rather than BA.

    • ADS says:

      if STN/LTN aren’t convenient you’re left with LHR/LGW … and fares to ireland from LHR are often reasonably high … and BA/EI fares from LGW are often fairly high … so FR from LGW is often the only reasonably priced flight option if you want to avoid STN/LTN

      • Polly says:

        Often fly bk and forth lgw dub for £12.50 ew. As BA silver often go out from t5 and back to lgw, depending on fares available. Can’t always justify rfs from lhr at that fare. Live nearer lhr but lgw only an extra 20 mins on the m25. And nobody can recline, everyone gets their space they paid for!

  • Andy S says:

    They’ve just started all the construction work.on the train station. Which has turned out to be a great time to do it with lower passenger numbers using the airport.

  • Brian Jackson says:

    Gatwick has many things to consider now.
    1. 2 big hangars (Virgin and BAW) now effectively empty
    2. Very dependent on EASYJET, which will cal” the shots
    3. Satellite now not in such demand for wide bodies, perhaps time to redeveloped
    4. South Terminal demand way down
    5. Runway movements will be increased slightly as less widebody/heavy aircraft
    6. Income down
    7. Culture shock with realisation they are nowhere near a credible alternative to Heathrow, indeed they have Manchester and Stansted catching them up!
    8. Finally it all makes Gatwick a leisure/low cost airport

    • Ian says:

      Unless your a businessman flying to & from work which seems odd when everyone who can now works from home !! Then Gatwick is the perfect airport for leisure & short break holidays.

    • Peter North says:

      On a point of order you’ll see 2 big hangars in some of the movies I’ve been in!

  • Rhys says:

    Try getting to Bournemouth or Southampton airport from Central London (or even North London!)

    Also worth noting that they aren’t really building a new runway – it already exists – they are simple using it as a runway rather than a taxiway.

    • Rob says:

      And the train stops directly outside! We have hired cars from there before for New Forest jaunts rather than hiring in London.

  • BrightonReader says:

    If there was the demand to fill flights from Southampton or Bournemouth then airlines would run more flights from those airports.

    But there isn’t so they don’t

    And remember airlines and tour operators know where people are travelling from to get to airports via postcodes so they can do the analysis on if it it worth it or not.

    • Rob says:

      You’ll find runway length is the problem.

      • mutley says:

        Indeed, Bournemouth runway can take up to an A320, Southampton is a lot shorter.

        • Spaghetti Town says:

          i would of thought Bournemouth could take a loaded 767/A330 if it can take a 747.

        • mutley says:

          Sorry, should read A330!

  • Dace says:

    I reckon we will see Ryanair move in. Gatwick would provide them with an opportunity to really solidify their market and provide them with serious long term growth opportunities. Further, as much as O’Leary is a git, he is a very canny business man and the low cost, high reward opportunities that look possible at Gatwick fits his model, similar to how he brought all those planes during 9/11.

  • Londonsteve says:

    Nobody at all has mentioned the rise of Wizz and the opportunity an emptying out of LGW now presents them. They were already the fastest growing airline at Gatwick previously (admittedly, from a pretty low base), they were bidding for Thomas Cook and Monarch slots but couldn’t secure them. It shows they have a real and present appetite. Unlike Stelios who’s seeking to cancel EZY’s aircraft deliveries, Varadi at Wizz says, ‘bring it on’, they have one of the largest, if not THE largest unfilfilled aircraft order in the world of any airline. The Wizz Abu Dhabi base is on the cusp of opening, the first flights will start from 5 bases in CEE a few weeks from now! They’ll use the existing Neos to build out a route network, then when the 321 XLRs are delivered (20 are on order), LGW – Abu Dhabi will be incoming, to connect to a plethora of onward destinations. I believe Varadi wants to create something completely innovative at AUH – a true ULCC Emirates or Qatar Airways, connecting price sensitive flyers as far as the 320 family can carry them. LGW, as it is for the ME3, will be a hugely important source market of adventerous flyers who fancy India, Maldives, Mombasa, etc. on a wafer thin budget. There’s also a big market for price sensitive VFR traffic, e.g. Stockholm – Addis Ababba. If Emirates and Qatar move to LHR to slot sit, there’s even less competition to get this model up and running. Then you have Wizz Air UK – with the withdrawal of BA, that leaves a gaping hole for Wizz to cherry pick high margin business and leisure routes around Europe that only Easyjet may otherwise fly from Gatwick and unlikely to be able to compete with Wizz on price. On top of that, connecting LGW with its existing booming bases in CEE is logical and virtually guaranteed business. It’ll mainly poach passengers hitherto using LHR, for some of whom LTN or STN is just too traumatic a journey, no matter how cheap the fare is. This three (four?) pronged strategy while vying with RYN for industry lowest seat cost per mile surely guarantees success.

    • Londonsteve says:

      To clarify, Wizz is mentioned in the article and states that further growth is expected, but none of the comments touch upon this. I believe this is where the most growth lies for LGW for the foreseeable future, at least from the perspective of passenger numbers.

      • Rob says:

        Not sure many of us have ever flown them!

        • Rhys says:

          Why don’t you take that Scooby bag for another outing Rob? 😉

        • Londonsteve says:

          They’re not bad at all, Rob, certainly my favourite of the low cost carriers. Their rise has been astonishing and where others flounder, they prosper. There’s little to differentiate the ULCCs. Compared to Ryanair their interiors are far more muted and elegant while the cabin crew uniforms are obviously more designer and grooming standards higher. Ryanair probably pips Wizz for food offering, as well as offering a full inch more legroom on the newer 737 interiors. This is obviously a material difference for the more vertically gifted amongst us. Easyjet, while in some respects the most ‘business like’ and the closest copy of a legacy airline, has tight seating, its on board offering is mediocre and their prices are often not ULCC level, while the route network is bread and butter western European business and leisure. Wizz knows that growth comes from genuinely new destinations and high growth countries, not by offering yet another flight to Malaga or Milan which was always a high risk approach when already served by legacy and low cost carriers alike. I’m surprised that Ryanair, with its immense fleet and increasingly large reach hasn’t established a proper eastern hub, through which it can offer something brand new. Perhaps they are inhibited by the range limitations of a fully loaded 737NG?

  • Paul Newman says:

    Cant see in the piece that Norweigen are Pulling Out?

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