Avios changes 3: understanding the new spending rates

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The changes to, and devaluation of, Avios / British Airways Executive Club announced yesterday are hugely complex and the three articles today are simply scratching the surface.  I will return to this topic tomorrow.

Key link: ‘Club Changes’ page on ba.com

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Here are the other articles in this series you may have missed:

1. Understanding the new tier point rules

2. Understanding the new earning rates

4. What is an Avios point worth after April 28th?

5. Exploiting the ‘no repricing on date changes’ rule

6. Why are off-peak upgrades now more expensive than peak?

7. Save 43% of your Avios on long-haul redemptions if you fly Iberia

8. Partner redemptions may be cheaper if booked on iberia.com

9. What will happen to airline partner earning rates?

10. Are you a winner or a loser overall?

Remember that you can continue to book at the current rates until April 28th.  The FAQ in the link above implies that date changes (but only date changes) made after April 28th will not trigger a repricing either.


The one upside on the spend side is that BA now guarantees to make two Club World / Club Europe and four World Traveller / Eurotraveller seats available on every flight for redemption.

Ironically, this was not done to benefit you but to help reassure potential purchasers of Avios Group that British Airways would make a guaranteed supply of seats available.

It is not yet clear if ‘two means two’.  airberlin, Etihad and Air Canada – off the top of my head – are airlines which do not release more than two seats in Business Class and are thus out of bounds for families.

It would, surely, be suicidal for BA to re-focus the Executive Club on business travellers – who are more likely to have dependent children than the students and pensioners who are being jettisoned – and then not make enough seats available for a family?

The peak and off peak calendar

The key change is the introduction of a calendar of peak and off peak dates.  Roughly 1/3rd of the year has been classified as ‘peak’ (marked with a ‘x’).

Calendar 2

When you think about it, there are some obvious flaws to this idea:

  • Peak dates are based around UK school holidays.  Whilst flights are busy at such times, they are very low yielding (see BA’s £1,007 tickets over Christmas in Club World).  Surely a good time to encourage people to burn Avios points is a time when you can’t sell many high priced cash tickets?
  • It takes no account of seasonality.   You will pay a premium to fly to Dubai in August even though you would have to be crazy to do so.
  • It takes no account of peak holiday periods in other countries.  If you live abroad and want to visit the UK when your kids are off school, it may well be a cheaper off-peak time.  UK families will be pushed into peak redemptions.
  • Whilst I don’t want to argue with BA’s modellers, Christmas Day is NOT a peak day.  Planes are generally empty and fare are rock bottom.  I have flown on Christmas Day in the past.

What no-one seems to have spotted yet is that the Iberia Plus calendar of peak dates is totally different to the BA calendar.  Iberia treats January 8th to March 17th as off-peak, for example, whilst BA has the two half-term weeks in February marked as peak.

On these peak days, it will be cheaper to transfer your Avios to Iberia Plus and book from there as you will be switching from a BA peak date to an Iberia Plus non-peak date.  The downside is that BA redemptions booked via Iberia Plus cannot be cancelled or changed.


The prices of economy redemptions are unchanged.  During off-peak periods they will actually reduce.

On long-haul, of course, economy redemptions are often terrible value for money.  This may change if fuel surcharges are reduced aggressively.  The only exceptions are when travelling at super-peak periods, when you are not staying over a Saturday night or when you only need a one-way ticket.

Redemption chart 2

For comparison, here is the existing chart:

Avios bandings

Premium classes

The picture is not so rosy in other classes.

Currently BA runs a 1 / 1.5 / 2 / 3 system for pricing across World Traveller, World Traveller Plus, Club World and First.

This is moving to 1 / 2 / 3 / 4.  Club World pricing goes from 200% to 300% of World Traveller so a 50% increase at peak periods.  First goes from 300% to 400% so a 33% increase at peak periods.

The increase is smaller off peak – Club World tickets increase by 25% in Band 9 whilst First tickets increase by 13%.

In practice, this means a California Club World ticket going up from 100,000 Avios to 125,000 or 150,000 depending on travel date.  Dubai goes from 80,000 Avios in Club World to 100,000 off-peak or 120,000 peak.

Partner awards

All partner awards are now priced as Peak pricing.

This effectively means a 50% increase in Business Class and a 33% increase in First Class.

At off-peak periods, two planes flying identical routes (eg BA and Cathay to Hong Kong) will cost a different amount of Avios points.

The infamous Dublin to Boston run in Business Class on Aer Lingus will increase from 50,000 Avios to 75,000 Avios return, for example, plus £75 or so of tax.  It will remain 25,000 Avios return in Economy.

Partner chart for two or more oneworld carriers

The little-know partner chart for rewards involving two different oneworld airlines, neither of which is BA, will presumably also change.  It has not yet been released.

Upgrade pricing

There will be some minor improvements here.  However, some of the comments I saw yesterday got the wrong end of the stick.

From December 2015, you can upgrade World Traveller tickets in Y, B, H, K, M, V, L, S or N ticket buckets.  This is an improvement over the current Y, B, H.

However, you will still only be able to upgrade by one class.  World Traveller will upgrade into World Traveller Plus.  As this is a very small cabin it is unlikely that very many seats – one or two per flight at most – would be made available for upgrades, and these seats will also be available for full redemptions.

On short haul, this may be a more genuine improvement as Club Europe availability is often OK.

The cost of long-haul upgrades will increase because it will remain the difference in cost between the ticket you have and the ticket you want.  Upgrading to World Traveller Plus to San Francisco will be 50,000 Avios return compared to the current 25,000 Avios.   The increase is due to World Traveller Plus redemptions increasing in price by 25,000 Avios.

Finally, free domestic feeders are abolished on European redemptions

When Avios launched, both BA and Iberia offered free connecting flights domestically.  Iberia abandoned the idea within a year.  BA is now abandoning it for short-haul but retaining it for long-haul.

European redemptions now make little sense if you live outside London.  Hamburg would be 18,000 Avios + £70 per person with the ‘joy’ of changing in Heathrow thrown in.  easyJet would probably sell you a cash ticket from your regional airport for £70.

I see the logic in what has been done, because APD alone meant that 9,000 Avios + £35 was a bad deal for the airline.  It didn’t help that BA allowed stopovers in London because this meant APD was payable on both flights.

This could have been handled better.  The Reward Flight Saver taxes could have been capped at £35 even though the number of Avios doubled.  Stopovers could have been banned to save BA paying out additional APD.

What has been done has effectively disenfranchised a large part of the Avios customer base outside London.

Click for the next article – What is an Avios point worth after April 28th?

Avios changes 2: understanding the new earning rates
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  1. Can anyone tell me exactly what the change fees are? It says £35 but doesn’t say if that is per person, or per leg, or per booking? If I book for 4 tickets in April 2016 with 2×241 with a view to changing to xmas 2016 later, how many lots of £35 will that cost? If it were per person per leg, that would be £280, in which case I should probably just suck up the extra avios!

    • £35 per person, so £140 for a family of 4.

      I consider it unlikely you would be allowed to change beyond 12 months. AFAIK tickets cannot be extended beyond 12 months full stop.

      • I’ve been wondering about this. Like many people, I’ve had some late nights waiting to snap up the outbound leg of a 2-4-1 redemption. Given my return is many months later, from initial booking to return flight will be more than 18 months and that’s not been an issue.

        When people say 12 months do they mean from booking to outbound or booking to return?

        • From booking, but it depends on how BA processes the changes. Amending a normal redemption beyond a year is not an issue as they could reissue the ticket for you with no problems. It might reprice in this case.

  2. So 30 Hours after the devaluation being announced who do you think has had a really good day in corporate terms, mmmmmm. The dudes at BA have been rubbing their hands all of today at us spending 100s of thousands of points and 2-4-1 vouchers and paying of taxes and surcharges. I have cashed in my 2-4-1 + 165000 avios + £1500 for somewhere i didn’t really plan to go, through being scared at losing my hard earned points .

    They are not in business for nothing the mutants! something to learn here.

  3. Hi! I am confused with the changes regarding upgrading cash tickets with avios. Does this change impact the value upgrading a paid ticket used to represent? I use the majority of my points this way.

    For example, I plan to travel Heathrow to Tokyo (zone 7) in September ’15, purchasing a Club World ticket and use 60,000 Avios to upgrade to First (a cash equivalent of £3200). Will the amount of avios needed to do this increase with the new rules? From what I can see on the new redemption chart there is actually positive effect with 54,000 avios needed at off peak and 60,000 at peak timing? If I book off peak timing my avios become more valuable…am I reading this right?!

  4. Peter Taysum says:


    To make status based in Newcastle, or to fly KLM to Amsterdam and/or use any other airline to fly direct and avoid Hubs.

    I don’t mind flying economy with extra leg room. I’d rather fly business, via Amsterdam I can do this…

    I prefer Wagamama to The Galleries at T5.

    I guess I’ll still earn Avios, but if I may brand

    • Peter Taysum says:

      Oops fingers sent that without brains permission, sorry…

      I’ll earn Avios (not to spite face) but if flying blue doing regular business class to Amsterdam and beyond is better, guess I’ll switch to that.

      Good luck to BA. We’ve had some good times, I think we’ll move to being acquaintances rather than friends.

  5. The changes make economy redemptions on AA look even better value – I just flew on a 10 hour flight for 4 gbp plus 25,000 avios – one way.

    And can we force BA to rename as London Heathrow Airways ?

  6. On iberia plus can you use, the amex 241, on BA flights?

  7. So from what I can gather I need to make plans firm. We are looking to go to New Zealand Jan/Feb 2016. We have Total of 140k AVIOS and anticipate getting my first AmEx 2-4-1 Voucher by March .

    BA don’t go to NZ so how best to use the above? I can see it could well be in our favour to book anything before 28 April, on the understanding that fuel charges don’t change significantly.

    Or is there any possibility that BA may run some kind of promotion to encourage ‘savers’ further to depart with they Avios!

    • Your best bet is potentially to get as far as you can with 140k in Club World (eg Tokyo, China, HK, Kuala Lumpur) and see where you can pick up a cheap cash ticket from there to New Zealand?

  8. So, is it true that BAEC only guarantee the extra seat availability for one year? If so…cheeky.

  9. nogoingback says:

    This is so frustrating. Was waiting for a Tesco bonus so I could convert the points I received from the Life Insurance deal.
    I would appreciate some advice please…
    I am intending on flying to Florida for my birthday next May with a 2-4-1 which should be issued at the end of Feb. So do I book in April with random dates? What happens when my preferred outbound date in May becomes available? Do I just change it and pay the fee and wait for outbound to become available? But surely the system won’t allow the outbound to be before the inbound?
    Thank you!

  10. Can I just ask , if we book reward seats for say next March (when they become available) can we change to a later date in the year with just the change fee each. Have BA actually said they will allow this and not incur the new Avios needed. As surely most people on reward vouchers will be doing this?

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